A sense of wellbeing

first_imgHealth and wellbeing have been huge trends in the UK bakery market for the past few years. And it seems that the rest of Europe is not far behind, as messages of heart health, digestive health and general wellbeing resonated through the busy Food Ingredients Europe exhibition halls in London’s ExCeL last week.”We have found it very difficult to compete in the UK bakery market because Britain is two years ahead of the rest of Europe in terms of healthy, natural ingredients,” says Anne Lionnet of Limagrain Céréales Ingrédients. The French-based company produces a range of bread improvers, premixes, and pre-packed breads. Lionnet says that one of the company’s more unique products is a bread premix – Limagrain’s Dafa Essentiel 40%, which contains quinoa seeds, stabilised germ maize and wheat flour, yellow linseed, oat fibres, leaven and toasted soya grits.perfect balance”Quinoa seed is high in iron, calcium, protein, vitamins and is cultivated in the South American Andes. It is a very healthy product, which can ultimately command high prices. It has almost a perfect balance of all eight essential amino acids needed for tissue development,” says Lionnet.Premier Foods’ ingredients specialist Holgran shared a stand with its new Italian-based ingredients partner Millbo, showcasing its new Health-Wize range of low-salt, healthy bread concentrates. The range includes Oats for You for lowering cholesterol, Holheart containing Omega 3, prebiotic Natural Balance, Seeded Heaven, Soya and Linseed for women, and Hiya Fiba for a good source of fibre.Jonathan Rainger, national account manager of Holgran, says the company has worked with the Joint Health Claims Initiative, a government body, so that bakers can legally make the relevant health claim for each of the products.Beijing Gingko Group showcased its Ginnovay brand – nutritional plant extracts that can be added to food and bakery products. Some of these include ’super foods’ such as bilberry, cili, goji, pomegranate, blackcurrant, seaweed and soybean.The latest in the Ginnovay portfolio is LingonPhenol, a lingonberry extract, otherwise known as cowberries. These contain vitamin C, provitamin A (as beta carotene), B vitamins, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and phytochemicals that are thought to counteract urinary-tract infections. Its seeds are also rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and it is high in antioxidants.”The UK is well ahead of the rest of Europe in experimenting with novel fruit extracts,” says Dr Wilfred Blum at Beijing Gingko Group. “Bakers are well aware that they can add value to products, as consumers worldwide are wanting to know more about natural health benefits from such fruits.”plant extractsOmega Ingredients, also specialising in plant extracts, showed off a wide range of natural flavours. Its latest development is natural, organic vanilla from Madagascar. “Most manufacturers use a synthetic vanilla called vanillian,” says MD Steven Pearce. “But natural vanilla is now a tenth of the price it was five years ago. It has never been so cheap and consumers today want premium products that have provenance.”Other extracts that the company produces for natural flavourings include cocoa, blackcurrant, cinnamon, jasmine, eucalyptus and spearmint.Südzucker, sugar producer and a leading German food group, unveiled its new Functional Food Group, BENEO, uniting ingredients companies Orafti, Palatinit and Remy, which are to be known individually as BENEO-Orafti, BENEO-Remy and BENEO-Palatinit.For confectionery and bakery applications, BENEO-Palatinit highlighted the benefits of its “healthier sugar beet replacement”, called Isomalt. It has half as many calories, is tooth-friendly, is suitable for diabetics and has a low Gi rating of two, says the firm.enriching experienceTate & Lyle was also at the show, promoting its Chocolate Chip Cookie Enrich with Promitor dietary fibre. “Our research shows that although most people believe fibre is good for them, they also believe that it tastes bad,” says Joni Simms, research and development manager. “This is why eating cookies can be a great way to add extra fibre into the diet.”Simms adds that Promitor Resistant Starch offers bakers the opportunity to add extra fibre into baked products such as bread, biscuits and crackers.A similar product made by National Starch, called Hi-maize, which can also be added to bread, was prepared in a pasta dish by celebrity TV chef Michael Caines, who was giving live cookery demonstrations throughout the day. He told British Baker that it was reassuring to see health was the main focus of the 2007 Food Ingredients Europe exhibition. nlast_img read more

Diary Dates

first_img== 1-3 May == == 24 April == IFE09Location: ExCeL, London www.ife.co.uk == 26-27 March == == 15-18 March ==center_img BCCC Sector Group Technology ConferenceLocation: Stratford-upon-Avonwww.fdf.org.uk/event.aspx?event=1474 IFST Conference on SustainabilityLocation: UWIC, CardiffContact: [email protected] Alliance for Bakery Students and Trainees’ (ABST) Annual ConferenceLocation: TLH Leisure ResortTorquay, DevonContact: [email protected]last_img

A Tribe Called Quest, Anderson .Paak, & Dave Grohl To Form Supergroup For The Grammy Awards

first_imgDespite some surrounding controversy with the the 59th Grammy Awards, the talent is coming in rare form. While generally the stage for big-name pop stars, this year’s talent is diversifying in a tasty fashion. A Tribe Called Quest will collaborate with Anderson .Paak and Foo Fighters frontman Dave Grohl for a supergroup performance. Old school hip-hop, new school hip-hop, and rock & roll.Anderson .Paak is nominated for Best New Artist and Best Urban Contemporary Album for his 2016 Malibu, while his collaborators are legendary cornerstones to their respective genres.This collaborative performance will be a definite highlight, as will the return of Daft Punk — who are playing their first live performance in three years. Also performing at the James Corden-hosted 2017 Grammy Awards on February 12 are Adele, The Weeknd, Bruno Mars, Metallica, Alicia Keys, and John Legend.last_img read more

Students to help rebuild in Sandy aftermath

first_imgHundreds of thousands of college students, including many from Notre Dame, will return home to New York and New Jersey for winter break to face the devastation wrought by Hurricane Sandy. While many of these students felt helpless as the storm passed through their hometowns, senior Catherine Flatley, who hails from New Vernon, N.J., started the program We Come Home as a way for them to contribute to relief efforts. “[We Come Home is] a campaign to mobilize college students from New York and New Jersey to get involved with Sandy cleanup over winter break,” Flatley said. “We’re trying to work with relief organizations that are already in the area fulfilling whatever needs they have.” We Come Home has campus ambassadors at schools across the country spreading information about how to get involved, senior Notre Dame ambassador Brianna Geary said. “Our slogan is, ‘We left to begin building our lives. We’re back to begin rebuilding our home,’” Geary said. Flatley said students can fill out an application on the We Come Home website to volunteer either two or five days of service to relief efforts. “People fill out the application, they select what periods of the ones listed they’re available for and which area they’d be available to work for based on different counties we have listed,” she said. “Then they will be put in contact with organizations in that area that need volunteers.” Students can participate in a variety of different tasks based on what the organizations need help with, Geary said. “The destruction is so widespread that there are many, many things people could get involved with,” she said. “If people have preferences, they can put down any special skills they have on the application on the website.”last_img read more

Drought likely to linger

first_imgBy David Emory StooksburyUniversity of GeorgiaAthens, Ga. — Drought conditions are expected to continueacross much of Georgia through spring 2008 and may expand intosoutheast Georgia by spring. A La Niña climate pattern hasdeveloped, which increases the probability of a dry, warm winterand spring across most of the state.Current predictions from the National Oceanic and AtmosphericAdministration Climate Prediction Center are for a weak tomoderate La Niña to persist through early 2008. The climatepattern may intensify during the next three months, according tothe CPC.The effects of the La Niña pattern differ with its strength.These differences are critical across north and central Georgia,potentially having major impacts on the current drought and theregion’s ability to recover this winter and spring.A weak La Niña climate pattern typically brings a warm, drywinter and spring to south Georgia. However, under weakconditions, there is a transition zone across the piedmontregion, with a tendency toward wetter-than-normal conditionsacross extreme north Georgia.With a moderate to strong La Niña, the transition zone from drywinters and springs to wetter-than-normal conditions moves to theextreme northwest corner of Georgia. These conditions would makethe entire state much more likely to have a dry, warm winter andspring.Compared to a weak La Niña pattern, the average total rainfallacross north Georgia for November through February is drier witha moderate pattern by 4.97 inches in Athens, 5.47 in Atlanta,5.59 in Cornelia, 7.75 in Gainesville and 7.23 in Rome. Forspring (March through May), the moderate pattern is drier by 3.84inches in Athens, 3.74 in Atlanta, 2.77 in Cornelia, 3.33 inGainesville and 0.88 in Rome.Regardless of the strength of the current La Niña, there is asignificant probability that central and south Georgia will havea warm, dry winter and spring. If the pattern becomes moderate tostrong, a warm, dry winter and spring will be even more probable.Across north Georgia, the strength of the La Niña will becritical in determining where the transition zone between drier-and wetter-than-normal winter and spring occurs. If the patternis weak, the transition region will normally occur south of themountains across the piedmont. If it’s moderate, there is a highprobability that all except the extreme northwest corner will bewarm and dry through spring.The CPC winter outlook is for below-normal precipitationstatewide, with the probability ranging from greater than 65percent in extreme southeast Georgia to 50-to-55 percent acrossthe foothills into the mountains. Across middle Georgia, theprobability of a drier-than-normal winter is about 60 percent.The probability of a warmer-than-normal winter is greater than 60percent south of a line from near Columbus to near Lincolnton.North of this line, the probability of a warmer-than-normalwinter ranges from 55 percent to 60 percent.The CPC spring outlook is drier than normal, with the probabilitygreater than 60 percent across the southern coastal plain,between 55 percent and 60 percent across the northern coastalplain into the piedmont and 50 percent to 55 percent across thefoothills and mountains.If a moderate La Niña pattern develops, there is a highlikelihood that north and west Georgia won’t be able to recoverfrom the drought this winter.The extreme- to exceptional-drought regions of the state maymuddle through the winter and early spring. But withoutsignificant recharge of the soil moisture, groundwater, streamsand reservoirs, conditions next summer could become catastrophic.Regardless of the strength of the La Niña pattern, areas ofsoutheast Georgia that aren’t classified as being in droughtcould be experiencing drought conditions by spring.Water-conservation and drought-management tips for home, garden,landscapes and pets can be found atwww.caes.uga.edu/topics/disasters/drought/home/index.Get updated drought information at www.georgiadrought.org. TheWeb site includes information on how to deal with the drought.Updated weather information is at www.georgiaweather.net. ThisUniversity of Georgia network has 71 automated weather stationsstatewide.(David Emory Stooksbury is the state climatologist and aprofessor of engineering and atmospheric sciences in theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences.)last_img read more

Vermont Sees Mixed Results, Positive Indicators From DNC

first_imgVermont Sees Mixed Results, Positive Indicators From DNCMONTPELIER, Vt. – Unpredictable weather appears to have had a dampeningeffect on the expected surge of visitors from the Boston area to Vermontduring the Democratic National Convention (DNC), but state officials saythere are many positive indicators showing that the Vermont message was,andcontinues to be, well received.”Weather has clearly been a factor all summer, and has particularlyimpactedthose events and attractions that are weather dependent and we suspectthiswas true during the DNC as well,” said Vermont Tourism and MarketingCommissioner Bruce Hyde. Hyde said that the good news is that peopleappearto be responding to the state’s marketing efforts and that Vermont’soveralltourism economy continues to perform well in relation to many otherstates.Among the positive indicators, Hyde said that inquiries fromMassachusettsto the 1-800 VERMONT tourism line in the period preceding the DemocraticNational Convention were up more than 300% over the same period in 2003.Similarly, Hyde said page views on the Department’s VermontVacation.comwebsite in July were up 25% over July 2003. In the five days leading uptothe beginning of the DNC, the site’s page views were up 59% over thesameperiod a year ago and on July 24, the Saturday before the Conventionbegan,VermontVacation.com received more than 53,000 page views, up 142% overJuly24, 2003.”The results this summer have been very mixed with some businessesreportingabove average to very good summers, others saying they are downsignificantly, and others saying that they are flat compared with lastyear,” Hyde said. “On one end of the spectrum you have Vermont TeddyBearreporting record sales on a rainy Tuesday and on the other end of thescale,our state parks continue to suffer high numbers of cancellations despitegood advance bookings this spring.”Another indication of the mixed results is that traffic through thestate’sWelcome Centers was down slightly for the week of July 25 during theDNC,but remains ahead of 2003 by 6% for the year to date. Also, the AgencyofAdministration announced on Friday that the Rooms and Meals tax revenueinJuly (reflecting June collections) was 10.4% ahead of the same period in2003.”The good news in all this is that we continue to see several positiveindicators in Vermont’s tourism industry and if we can get somecooperativeweather for an extended period, I think the results could be impressiveandcould translate into a good close for the summer and a strong start tothefoliage season,” Hyde said.last_img read more

Governors call for feds to renew energy tax credits

first_imgDuring their annual in Philadelphia last week, the nation’s governors decided to send a letter to Congress calling for at least a 5-year extension of the renewable energy tax credit, including the clean renewable energy bonds.The letter, signed by 51 of the nation’s governors, including Govenror Douglas, encourages Congress to develop incentives for programs that help families and businesses use energy-efficient building techniques, materials and equipment. Governors also urge Congress to partner with states to pass this bipartisan legislation this year.LetterJuly 23, 2008The Honorable Harry ReidMajority LeaderUnited States SenateWashington, D.C. 20510The Honorable Mitch McConnellMinority LeaderUnited States SenateWashington, D.C. 20510The Honorable Nancy PelosiSpeakerU.S. House of RepresentativesWashington, D.C. 20515The Honorable John BoehnerMinority LeaderU.S. House of RepresentativesWashington, D.C. 20515Dear Senator Reid, Senator McConnell, Speaker Pelosi, and Representative Boehner:The nation’s governors urge Congress to extend for at least five years tax provisions that encourage the development of renewable energy sources and promote energy efficiency.Last February, leadership of the National Governors Association wrote the leaders of Congress’ tax writing committees to urge enactment of legislation containing these provisions. Since that time, however, efforts to advance them have fallen short. Extending these credits is critical and action must be taken as soon as possible.Renewable energy plays an important role in our nation’s energy security, and governors have pioneered a wide array of innovative energy policies in their states. To supplement state efforts, governors support the development of federal tax incentives, including clean renewable energy bonds, to promote clean, secure, and affordable energy to fuel America’s future.We also encourage Congress to continue to develop incentives for programs that help families and businesses use energy-efficient building techniques, materials, and equipment readily available in today’s market. Extending incentives for energy efficiency and conservation will slow the growth of future energy needs, minimize ratepayer costs, and lessen potential environmental impacts.Securing our energy future must be a priority at both the state and federal levels. We strongly urge you to partner with states by passing legislation on a bipartisan basis to extend expiring renewable energy and energy efficiency tax credits that can be enacted this year.Sincerely,(signed by Governor Douglas, et al)last_img read more

Report: Cost Trends Favor Wind and Solar

first_imgReport: Cost Trends Favor Wind and Solar FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Axios:Falling costs for developing wind and solar power plants are giving those technologies a market edge over coal and nuclear power even without tax subsidies, according to a new analysis on the changing economics of electricity from the financial advisory firm Lazard.The trend explains why power companies are opting to build new renewables generation, like American Electric Power’s massive Wind Catcher project in Oklahoma, according to Jonathan Mir, head of Lazard’s North American Power Group.The study also signals why new utility-scale renewables plants will continue to be developed even after federal tax credits expire in a few years, he said in an interview.Mir notes that costs have come down enough that developing new renewables generation is increasingly attractive in many regions compared to even keeping existing coal and nuclear plants running.“In North America the costs of utility-scale solar and utility-scale wind on an unsubsidized basis are starting to approach the marginal cost of operating nuclear or coal plants,” he tells Axios.“Currently, given U.S. tax subsidies, they are beneath the marginal costs of coal and nuclear. That is why you are seeing an acceleration of coal and nuclear retirements.”The report examines the so-called levelized costs of different technologies, which basically means an all-in comparison of the costs of building, running, supplying and maintaining different types of facilities over time.More: Analysis: Renewables beating coal and nuke power on costslast_img read more

Concerts In The Crosshairs Of Criminals

first_img In Guatemala, the concert industry brings in between $19 million and $25 million a year, according to El Periódico, a Guatemalan publication. The most attractive country for concert organizers is Panama, where tickets sell for $25 to $350 each, according to press reports. Stein said more artists perform in Panama and tickets sell for higher prices than in the other Central American countries. He attributes that to higher disposable incomes, especially with the migration of people from Venezuela and Colombia. Argentine singer-songwriter Facundo Cabral closed his last concert in Guatemala on July 9, 2011, with the song that made him famous, “No soy de aquí, ni soy de allá” (I am neither from here nor from there). A few hours later, the musician, who in 1996 was designated a UNESCO Messenger of Peace, would die riddled with bullets in an attack authorities have linked to his agent’s involvement in organized crime. The tragic event made the Central American Network of Think Tanks and Advocacy known as laRED focus its attention on the exploitation of concerts for money laundering as well as the use of nightclubs for prostitution and human trafficking. The mechanism by which concerts are used to launder money seems simple enough, said Eduardo Stein Barillas, laRED coordinator, during an interview with Diálogo. He explained that only a certain number of tickets are sold, but tax returns later make it appear the event was sold out. Since it is difficult for governments to verify audience attendance against concert earnings, some concert promoters in Central America are using the events to launder money. Stein, who was vice president of Guatemala from 2004 to 2008, sounded the alarm in 2011 at an international forum, when he called attention to this type of criminal activity. Moreover, in most cases the concerts are promoted all over Central America through business partnerships. The amount of money being laundered during a given concert or event can be small — but it adds up, according to the coordinator. The Investigations Continue By Dialogo July 01, 2012 When Cabral was killed, Guatemalan authorities said the real target was Nicaraguan national Henry Fariñas, the artist’s agent. Fariñas was hurt in the attack and is facing accusations of money laundering, drug trafficking and organized crime in Nicaragua, according to Guatemalan newspaper Prensa Libre. The entrepreneur implicated Costa Rican national Alejandro Jiménez González, also known as “El Palidejo,” as the mastermind. Jiménez was captured in Colombia in March 2012 and is facing criminal proceedings in Guatemala. Fariñas owned a luxury chain of nightclubs in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Panama, and was a show promoter. “Clearly, the individual related to this network of international show contracts used renowned artists,” Stein said. He added that authorities from the region investigate money laundering because it has a “terrible corruption power,” and tax evasion represents a net loss of resources for governments. The U.S. Department of State, in its “International Narcotics Control Strategy Report,” identified Costa Rica, Guatemala and Panama as major money laundering countries in 2011. In Guatemala, a law regarding asset forfeitures took effect in June 2011, allowing authorities to seize cash used in money laundering without having to obtain a criminal conviction against the courier. Panama is taking steps to strengthen its regulatory framework by drafting anti-money laundering legislation, the report indicated. “Cartels try to find ways to take advantage of any successful and legitimate economic activity for money laundering,” Stein said. However, he clarified that not all concert organization activities are dishonest; instead, laRED wants to highlight that concert organizers handle significant amounts of cash, something that attracts criminals. Use of legitimate economic transactions by drug cartels to launder money has become much more sophisticated, according to Stein. “The amount of money laundered in the region that comes from illicit activities has an enormous power of corruption, and we are currently suffering from it,” he said. Meanwhile, Guatemalan authorities continue investigating Cabral’s murder. center_img Illegal Business LaRED reached its conclusion about the relationship between money laundering and concert organizers after publishing the study “Security and Transnational Organized Crime in Central America” in 2011. The study concluded that money laundering, in general, is a difficult problem to tackle. LaRED uses its studies to promote integration and development in the region. The organization was founded in 2009 and counts on the sponsorship of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung foundation. The Association of Research and Social Studies, a think tank with multidisciplinary experts in Guatemala, is in charge of coordinating the activities of laRED. Stein said that after learning that bank presidents and tax collectors reported that about $29 billion may have been laundered in Central America in 2010, his organization started looking for connections with the banking systems of each country. The amount, he said, was larger than the combined national budgets of the region. “It is a significant amount,” said the academic. The think tank also discovered that, at least in Guatemala, there were signs that contracts for international concerts could be used to launder money. In most cases, the way to promote and contract the artistic presentations was almost always at the regional level through business partnerships. In addition, laRED found that some organizers of concerts from the region present “artists,” who turn out to be dancers for night clubs and are often associated with prostitution and human trafficking. In El Salvador, since the economy was dollarized there has been increasingly this type of concerts. It would be good that the RED do a study about this kind of shows because it is almost always that they are to “benefit of…” (any Foundation or cause) in order to avoid paying taxes… in addition to possible money laundering, discussed here.last_img read more

Honduras and Nicaragua Strengthen Military Security

first_imgBy René Novoa/Diálogo July 26, 2016 The Honduran Armed Forces and the Nicaraguan Army are coordinating their efforts in the fight against drug trafficking, organized crime, and human smuggling in the zone along their common border. During a meeting in Tegucigalpa on June 30th, Major General Francisco Álvarez Urbina, chairman of the Honduran Joint Chiefs of Staff, Army General Julio César Avilés Castillo, commander of the Nicaraguan Army, signed a work protocol for the fourth edition of the Morazán-Sandino coordinated operation, a security and surveillance maneuver that the two military institutions have been conducting. The Morazán-Sandino coordinated operation began on April 25, 2014, when a bilateral treaty was signed by the two Central American neighbors to initiate joint work protocols. Maj. Gen. Álvarez stated that the bilateral meeting will strengthen the operations conducted by both countries’ military institutions. “During the meeting, we were able to evaluate the implementation of the agreements on bilateral operations to combat organized crime, and we agreed to expand our cooperation in border areas in 2016.” He explained that Honduras and Nicaragua share a 966-kilometer border that is separated by Cabo Gracias a Dios, where 16 communities have been established: Las Manos, Trojes, Arenales, Concepción de María, Boca de Español, and Yari (in southern, eastern, and northeastern Honduras); El Espino, Palo Grande, Las Varas, Las Manos, Vado Ancho, Jalapa, Raití, Kitaski, Waspam, and Cabo Gracias a Dios (in northern Nicaragua). The joint operations have helped improve the border communities’ coexistence. “We have a close relationship with the Nicaraguan Army, which has allowed us to create an atmosphere of peace and security for these populations, who now trust that their governments and armies are fighting crime in those places,” added Maj. Gen. Álvarez. At the same time, he added that the militaries are meeting with local authorities to provide an immediate response to public-safety emergencies. “Organized crime activity was preventing people from peacefully carrying out their daily activities, so we, along with the Nicaraguan Army, help encourage community development in an environment of normalcy,” confirmed Maj. Gen. Álvarez Urbina. Asdrúbal Amador, a 32-year-old resident of the community of Trojes, in the eastern Honduran department of El Paraíso, confirmed that, “During the two years that the military has been in our community, we have seen a huge difference [in the reduction of crime] because they have captured many criminals in these operations, and they even arrest people who are trafficking in livestock [cattle and swine].” Operations Shown to be Effective The two countries are satisfied with the effectiveness of their joint work, according to General Avilés Castillo. “The coordinated work and the exchange of information has allowed us to prevent the commission of crimes in the border zones and break up criminal groups that have tried to get into these areas. “I can confirm that all of the operations in these areas have been carried out strictly within the framework of the law and human rights,” he continued. “We recognize all the personnel involved for working intensely to strengthen security along the entirety of the common border with highly positive results.” The success of the Morazán-Sandino coordinated operation was reflected in data provided by Infantry Colonel Manuel Guevara Rocha, director of Foreign and Public Relations of the Nicaraguan Army. So far this year, the Honduran Armed Forces have arrested 40 individuals for various crimes. Of these, three had outstanding arrest warrants, 363 were detained for illegally transiting the country, and six others were arrested for drug trafficking. Honduran authorities confiscated 9,000 marijuana plants and 18joints, in addition to five firearms and six rounds of ammunition of varied caliber. They also confiscated $20,932, five automobiles, three motorcycles, 10 motorboats, 556 gallons of fuel, as well as 307 boardfeet of wood, 113 boxes of medication, 64 pairs of shoes, 300 quintals of sorghum, and 300 pigs. A clandestine landing area used by drug traffickers was taken also out of commission. For his part, Col. Guevara Rocha reported that so far this year, the Nicaraguan Army has arrested 25 individuals for various illegal acts, detained 139 undocumented migrants, and confiscated 17 kilos of processed marijuana, as well as 25,723 marijuana plants and five pounds of marijuana seeds. They also seized 26 weapons of varied caliber and 206 rounds of ammunition; $1,508 in cash; 16 vehicles; three motorcycles; 1,700 boardfeet of wood; 148 farm animals; and 33 containers of contraband merchandise. Since its inception, the effort has continued to yield results, said Col. Guevara Rocha. For instance, he noted, in 2015, the Morazán-Sandino coordinated operation identified and took control of 11 unauthorized border crossings that had been used for trafficking drugs, humans, and contraband livestock.last_img read more